Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2023-07-18
Page range: 191-198
Abstract views: 2583
PDF downloaded: 33

A new and possibly carnivorous species of Crepidorhopalon (Linderniaceae) from Mozambique

Institut für Integrierte Naturwissenschaften–Biologie, Universität Koblenz, Universitätsstraße 1, 56070 Koblenz, Germany
Herbarium, Nieuwelaan 38, Meise 1860, Belgium
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (RBG Kew), Richmond, Surrey, TW9 3AE, UK
Crepidorhopalon droseroides endemics carnivory IUCN Red List Philcoxia taxonomy Eudicots

Abstract

The new species Crepidorhopalon droseroides from Mozambique is described and illustrated. It represents the third strict Mozambique endemic in Linderniaceae, and it differs from all known species of Crepidorhopalon in the long sticky glandular hairs. The hypothesis that the species may be carnivorous is discussed. The Conservation Status is preliminarily assessed.

References

  1. Allan, G. (2019a) Evidence of motile traps in Byblis. Carnivorous Plant Newsletter 48: 51–63. https://doi.org/10.55360/cpn482.ga426
    Allan, G. (2019b) Nocturnal and diurnal digestive responses in Byblis gigantea, Drosophyllum lusitanicum, and Roridula gorgonias. Carnivorous Plants Newsletter 48: 64–73. https://doi.org/10.55360/cpn482.ga994
    Allioni, C. (1766) Stirpium aliquot descriptions cum duorum novorum generum constitione. Mélanges de Philosophie et de Mathématique de la Societé Royale de Turin 3: 176–184.
    Barker, W.R. (1990) New Taxa, names and combinations in Lindernia, Peplidium, Stemodia and Striga (Scrophulariaceae) mainly of the Kimberley region, Western Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanical Garden 13: 79–93.
    Bentham, G. (1865) IX. Description of some New Genera and Species of Tropical Leguminosae. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 25: 297–320, pl. XL–XLIII.
    Bonati, G. (1924) Scrophulariaceae novae. II. Sur deux especes nouvelles du genre Lindernia originaires de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Societieté Botanique de Genève, Ser. 11, 15: 99–102. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1865.tb00186.x
    Cheek, M., Luke, Q., Matimele, H., Banze, A. & Lawrence, P. (2019) Cola species of the limestone forests of Africa, with a new, endangered species, Cola cheringoma (Sterculiaceae), from Cheringoma, Mozambique. Kew Bulletin 74, 52: 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-019-9840-3
    Conran, J.G. & Carolin, R. (2004) Byblidaceae. In: Kadereit, J. (ed.) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. VII. Flowering Plants: Dicotyledons: Lamiales (except Acanthaceae including Avicenniaceae). Springer, Berlin. pp. 45–49. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-18617-2_4
    Darbyshire, I., Richards, S., Osborne, J., Matimele, H., Langa, C., Datizua, C., Massingue, A., Rokni, S., Williams, J., Alves, T. & Sousa, C. de (2023) The Important Plant Areas of Mozambique. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa, C., Datizu, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, Dhanda, S., Shah, T. & Wursten, B. (2019a) The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status. Phytokeys 136: 45–96. https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.136.39020
    Darbyshire, I., Wursten, B., Luke, Q. & Fischer, E. (2019b) A revision of the Crepidorhopalon whytei complex (Linderniaceae) in eastern Africa. Blumea 64: 165–176. https://doi.org/10.3767/blumea.2019.64.02.07
    De Candolle, A. (1844) Ordo CXIX Lentibularieae. In: De Candolle, A. (ed.) Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis VIII: 2–32. Parisiis Sumptibus Fortin, Masson et Sociorum.
    Engler, A. (1897a) Stemodiopsis Engl.. Annuario del R. Instituto Botanico di Roma 7: 25.
    Engler, A. (1897b) Scrophulariaceae africanae II. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 23: 497─517. [https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/207761]
    Engler, A. (1900) Beiträge zur Flora von Afrika IV. Berichte über botanische Ergebnisse der Nyassa-See und Kinga-Expedition der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann-Wentzel-Stiftung. III. Die von W. Goetze und Dr. Stuhlmann im Uluguru-Gebirge, sowie die von W. Goetze in der Kisaki und Khutu-Steppe und in Uhehe gesammelten Pflanzen. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 28: 332─510.
    Engler, A. (1901) Beiträge zur Flora von Afrika XXII. Die von W. Goetze am Rukwa-See und Nyassa-See sowie in den zwischen beiden Seen gelegenen Gebirgsländern, insbesondere dem Kinga-Gebirge gesammelten Pflanzen, nebst einigen Nachträgen (durch * bezeichnet) zu Bericht III. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 30: 239─445.
    Fischer, E. (1989a) Crepidorhopalon, a new genus within the relationship of Craterostigma, Torenia, and Lindernia (Scrophulariaceae) with two new or note-worthy species from Central and South Central Africa (Zaïre, Zambia). Feddes Repertorium 100: 439─450. https://doi.org/10.1002/fedr.4911000902
    Fischer, E. (1989b) New species of Lindernia Allioni and Crepidorhopalon E. Fischer (Scrophulariaceae) from Zaïre, Burundi and Tanzania. Bulletin du Jardin botanique national de Belgique / Bulletin van de National Plantentuin van België 59: 445─457. https://doi.org/10.2307/3668359
    Fischer, E. (1990) New species of Crepidorhopalon E.Fischer (Scrophulariaceae) from Zaïre and Tanzania. Bulletin du Jardin botanique national de Belgique / Bulletin van de National Plantentuin van België 60: 409─413. https://doi.org/10.2307/3668231
    Fischer, E. (1992) Systematik der afrikanischen Lindernieae (Scrophulariaceae). Tropische und Subtropische Pflanzenwelt 82: 1─365.
    Fischer, E. (1995) Revision of the Lindernieae (Scrophulariaceae) in Madagascar. 1. The genera Lindernia Allioni and Crepidorhopalon E. Fischer. Bulletin du Muséum nationale de l’. Histoire. naturelle Paris, 4e sér., section B, Adansonia 17: 227─257.
    Fischer, E. (1997) Contributions to the Flora of Central Africa VI: Stemodiopsis Engl. (Scrophulariaceae) in Central Africa (Zaïre, Rwanda, Burundi) with Remarks on an overlooked Species of Crepidorhopalon E. Fischer. Bulletin du Jardin botanique national de Belgique / Bulletin van de National Plantentuin van België 66: 73─79. https://doi.org/10.2307/3668137
    Fischer, E. (1999a) Two new species of Crepidorhopalon from Central and East Africa and taxonomic remarks on C. rupestris and C. parviflorus. Bulletin du Jardin botanique national de Belgique / Bulletin van de National Plantentuin van België 67: 371─379. https://doi.org/10.2307/3668436
    Fischer, E. (1999b) Scrophulariaceae (première partie). In: Bamps, P. (Ed.) Flore d´Afrique Centrale (Congo Kinshasa, Rwanda & Burundi). pp. 1─217.
    Fischer, E., Schäferhoff, B. & Müller, K. (2013) The phylogeny of Linderniaceae—The new genus Linderniella, and new combinations within Bonnaya, Craterostigma, Lindernia, Micranthemum, Torenia and Vandellia. Willdenowia 43: 209–238. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.43.43201
    Fritsch, P.W., Almeda, F., Martins, A.B., Cruz, B.C. & Estes, D. (2007) Rediscovery and phylogenetic placement of Philcoxia minensis (Plantaginaceae), with a test of carnivory. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Fourth Series, 58 (21): 447–467.
    Gesellschaft für Fleischfressende Pflanzen e.V. (2023) Lindernia cleistandra W.R.Barker: Kimberley Sandstone Violet: KSV—Sonstige— Gesellschaft für Fleischfressende Pflanzen e.V. Available from: https://forum.carnivoren.org/forums/topic/53214-lindernia-cleistandra-wrbarker-kimberley-sandstone-violet-ksv—lindernia-cleistandra-wrbarker-kimberley-sandstone-violet-ksv/ (accessed 18 July 2023)
    Gesellschaft für Fleischfressende Pflanzen e.V. (2023) Lindernia cleistandra. Fleischigeplauder—Gesellschaft für Fleischfressende Pflanzen e.V. Available from: https://forum.carnivoren.org/forums/topic/45807-lindernia-cleistandra—lindernia-cleistandra—fleischigeplauder—gesellschaft-für-fleischfressende-pflanzen-ev/ (accessed 18 July 2023)
    Hartmeyer, S. (1997) Carnivory in Byblis revisited—A simple method for enzyme testing on carnivorous plants. Carnivorous Plants Newsletter 26: 39–35. https://doi.org/10.55360/cpn262.sh345
    Hartmeyer, S. (1998) Carnivory in Byblis revisited II: The phenomenon of symbiosis on insect trapping plants. Carnivorous Plants Newsletter 27: 110–113. https://doi.org/10.55360/cpn274.sh180
    Hemsley, W.B. & Skan, S.A. (1906) Order XCII Scrophulariaceae. In: Thiselton-Dyer, W.T. (ed.) Flora of Tropical Africa. Vol. IV, 2. Reeve & Co., Ashford, Kent. pp. 261–462.
    Hochstetter, C.F. (1841) Nova genera plantarum Africae tum australis tum tropicae borealis: Craterostigma. Flora 24 (2): 668─670.
    IUCN (2012) IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 3.1. Second edition. Available from: https://www.iucn.org/content/iucnred-list-categories-and-criteria-version-31-second-edition (accessed 30 October 2022).
    IUCN (2022) Guidelines for using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 15. Available from: https://www.iucnredlist.org/resources/redlistguidelines (accessed 30 October 2022).
    Li, Y-X., Chen, A. & Leu, W.-M. (2023) Sessile Trichomes Play Major Roles in Prey Digestion and Absorption, While Stalked Trichomes Function in Prey Predation in Byblis guehoi. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 24: 5305. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms24065305
    Lindley, J. (1839) Appendix to the first Twenty Three Volumes of Edward’s Botanical Register. A Sketch of the Vegetation of the Swan River Colony, I–LVIII, I–LXIV. London.
    Linnaeus, C. (1753) Species Plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus secundum systema sexual digestas. Holmiae. Tomus I.: pp. 1–560; Tomus II: pp. 561–1200. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.59734
    Linnaeus, C. (1764) Genera Plantarum. Ed. Sexta, I–XX. Holmiae, Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1–580.
    Moore, S.L.M. (1911) Alabastra Diversa XX. New or rare African Plants. Journal of Botany 49: 150–158.
    Moore, S.L.M. (1918) Alabastra Diversa. Part XXVIII. Plantae Rogersianae III. Journal of Botany 56: 4–11. https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8149793
    Müller, K., Borsch, T., Legendre, L., Fischer, E., Porembski, S. & Barthlott, W. (2001) The evolution of carnivory in the Lamiales: Evidence from matK and adjacent noncoding regions. In: Botany 2001: Plants and People, Abstracts. Albuquerque, pp. 129.
    Odorico, D., Nicosia, E., Datizua, C., Langa, C., Raiva, R., Souane, J., Nhalungo, S., Banze, A., Caetano, B., Nhauando, V., Ragú, H., Machunguene Jr. M., Caminho, J., Mutemba, L., Matusse, E., Osborne, J., Wursten, B., Burrows, J., Cianciullo, S., Malatesta, L. & Attorre, F. (2022) An updated checklist of Mozambique’s vascular plants. Phytokeys 189: 61–80. https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.189.75321
    Oliver, D. (1878) Torenia schweinfurthii. Hooker’s Icones Plantarum 13: t. 1256.
    Osborne, J., Datizua, C., Mucaleque, P. & Fischer, E. (2022) Hartliella txitongensis (Linderniaceae), a species new to science from Mozambique. Kew Bulletin 77: 665– 673. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-022-10034-3
    Pereira, C.G., Almenara, D.P., Winter, C.E., Fritsch, P.W., Lambers, H. & Oliveira, R.S. (2012) Underground leaves of Philcoxia trap and digest nematodes. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. [published online ahead of print] https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1114199109
    Philcox, D. (1987) New taxa in Scrophulariaceae from Southern Tropical Africa. Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana Séries 2 60: 267─270.
    pofw_feathers. (2023) Is this Linderniaceae species practicing carnivory?—Pseudo & Indirect Carnivorous Plants—Carnivorous Plants UK. Available from: https://www.cpukforum.com/forum/index.php?/profile/4575-pofw_feathers/ (accessed 18 July 2023)
    Rahmanzadeh, R., Müller, K.F., Fischer, E., Bartels, D. & Borsch, T. (2005) Linderniaceae and Gratiolaceae (Lamiales) are further lineages distinct from Scrophulariaceae. Plant Biology 7: 67─78. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2004-830444
    Richards, S. & Darbyshire, I. (2023) Tropical Important Plant Areas Explorer: Cheringoma Limestone Gorges (Mozambique). Available at: https://tipas.kew.org/site/cheringoma-limestone-gorges/ (accessed March 2023).
    Taylor, P., Souza, V.C., Giulietti, A.M. & Harley, R.M. (2000) Philcoxia: A new genus of Scrophulariaceae with three new species from Eastern Brazil. Kew Bulletin 55: 155–163. https://doi.org/10.2307/4117770
    Thiers, B. (2023) [continuously updated] Index herbariorum. A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. Available from: http://sweetgum.nybg.org/science/ih/ (accessed 22 January 2023).
    Wagensommer, R.P., Bartolucci, F., Fiorentino, M., Licht, W., Peccenini, S., Perrino, E.V. & Venanzoni, R. (2017) First record for the flora of Italy and lectotypification of the name Linum elegans (Linaceae). Phytotaxa 296 (2): 161–170. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.296.2.5
    Wagensommer, R.P., Perrino, E.V. & Silletti, G.N. (2014) Carex phyllostachys C. A. Mey. (Cyperaceae) New for Italy and Phytogeographical Considerations. Phyton 54 (2): 215–222.
    WCS, Government of Mozambique & USAID (2021) Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) Identifed in Mozambique: Factsheets VOL. II. Red List of threatened species and ecosystems, identifcation and mapping of key biodiversity areas (KBAs) in Mozambique. USAID / SPEED+, Maputo. Available at: https://comboprogram.org/Portals/1/Documents/1622457927-2021_KBAs_Moz_vol_ii_Factsheets_EN.pdf?ver=F2plHBM5lZ2x3-c8UYcMoA%3D%3D (accessed March 2023).
    Wheeler, A.G. Jr. & Krimmel, B.A. (2015) Mirid (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) specialists of sticky plants: Adaptations, interactions, and ecological implications. Annual Review of Entomology 60: 393–414. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-ento-010814-020932