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Type: Article
Published: 2024-06-13
Page range: 1-19
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Phelipanche cingularum (Orobanchaceae), a new species from southern France

Naturalia environnement, site Agroparc, 60, rue Jean Dausset, FR-84911 Avignon cedex 9 France
Jardín Botánico Atlántico, Avda. Jardín Botánico, 2230; 33203 Gijón-Xixón (Asturias) España
4 Promenade du Decumanus, FR-38080 L’Isle d’Abeau France
Conservatoire Botanique National Méditerranéen de Porquerolles, avenue Gambetta, FR-83400 Hyères France
Conservatoire Botanique National Méditerranéen de Porquerolles, avenue Gambetta, FR-83400 Hyères France
Santa Clara, 9-1 dcha., E-39001 Santander (Cantabria) España
Cévennes conservation Liguro-Provençal Pre-alps Mediterranean molecular phylogeny Provence taxonomy Eudicots

Abstract

A new species of Phelipanche has been discovered in various steep places in southern France at meso- and supra-mediterranean levels. It is always parasitic on Brassicaceae, almost exclusively on Hesperis laciniata, a plant that had never been reported as host for any Orobanchaceae previously. The new species, named Phelipanche cingularum for its rocky ledge (cingula) habitat, is described and illustrated. Diagnostic characters against up to 16 presumably related species are given. We also present the results of molecular analyses well-supporting its independence. The distribution and the unusual ecology of the plant are considered and illustrated, and its conservation status is evaluated.

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