Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2024-02-01
Page range: 1-19
Abstract views: 20
PDF downloaded: 1

Astragalus quettensis (Galegeae—Fabaceae), a new species of section Pendulina from Pakistan

National Herbarium of Pakistan (Stewart Collection), Plant Genetic Resources Institute, PARC-National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan, Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan
National Herbarium of Pakistan (Stewart Collection), Plant Genetic Resources Institute, PARC-National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan
Botany Research Division, Research Institute of Forests & Rangelands, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan
Eudicots Astragalus Balochistan Critically Endangered Hazarganji-Chiltan National Park Taxonomy


Astragalus quettensis is described and illustrated as a new species from Hazarganji-Chiltan National Park, near Quetta, Balochistan. The new species is related to Astragalus mirabilis and is characterized by 5–31 mm long tomentose, canescent, linear-lanceolate, folded leaflets in 9–13 pairs with basal leaflets opposite and distal alternate, densely racemose inflorescence or subcapitate with 2–3 flowers lying at the same level, 1–3 cm long, densely covered with off-white spreading hairs, 3.5–5.5 mm long, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, greyish, pilose bracts, 5–13 mm long densely pubescent pedicel with ca. 0.2 mm long, spreading hairs, 9.5–15 mm long densely pubescent calyx with 7.5–12 mm funnel-shaped cup and 2–3 mm long teeth, white and yellowish-green corolla, vexillum 16–23 × 8–12 mm, broadly elliptic, wing 17–21 mm long, keel 18–21 mm long, short-stipitate pubescent legume, 22–26 × 13–18 mm and 3–4 mm long stipe. With regard to the conservation status of the new species, Astragalus quettensis is provisionally assessed as Critically Endangered (CR).


  1. Aitchison, J.E.T. (1888) Prunus brahuica Aitch. & Hemsl. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 3 (1): 62.
  2. Akhani, H., Mahdavi, P., Noroozi, J. & Zarrinpour, V. (2013) Vegetation patterns of the Irano-Turanian steppe along a 3,000 m altitudinal gradient in the Alborz Mountains of Northern Iran. Folia Geobotanica 48: 229–255.
  3. Ali, S.I. (1965) Astragalus gahiratensis Ali. Botaniska Notiser 118: 90.
  4. Ali, S.I. (1978) Papilionaceae. In: Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (Eds.) Flora of Pakistan. Vol. 100. Dept of Botany, University of Karachi, Pakistan, pp. 1–388.
  5. Aytaç, Z., Hamzaoğlu, E., Ekici, M., Erkul, S.K. & Ertuğrul, T. (2020) Contributions to Genus Astragalus L. (Fabaceae) in Turkey. Commagene Journal of Biology 4 (2): 110–114.
  6. Boissier, P.E. (1839) Bongardia chrysogonum (Linn.) Spach. Histoire naturelle des végétaux 8: 65.
  7. Boissier, P.E. (1846) Euphorbia osyridea Boiss. Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalium novarum. Lipsiae (Leipzig) 1 (7): 87.
  8. Boissier, P.E. (1856) Scorzonera gageoides Boiss. Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalium novarum. Lipsiae (Leipzig) 2 (3): 95.
  9. Boissier, P.E. (1859) Euphorbia caeladenia Boiss. Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalium novarum. Lipsiae (Leipzig) 2 (4): 81.
  10. Boissier, P.E. (1882) Iris stocksii (Baker) Boiss. sive enumeratio plantarum in Oriente a Graecia et Aegypto ad Indiae, Diagn. Flora of Orientalis 5: 123.
  11. Boissier, P.E. (1904) Euclidium tenuissimum (Pallas) B. Fedtsch. Bulletin de Herbier Boissier 2 (4): 915.
  12. Brummitt, R.K. & Powell, C.E. (1992) Authors of Plant Names: a list of authors of scientific names of plants, with recommended standard forms of their names, including abbrevations. Royal Botanic Gardens, 732 pp.
  13. Bunge, A.A. (1868) Generis Astragali species Gerontogeae. Pars prior, claves diagnosticae. Mémoires de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint Pétersbourg, Septième série 11: 1–140.
  14. Bunge, A.A. (1869) Generis Astragali species Gerontogeae. Pars altera, Specierum enumeration. Mémoires de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint Pétersbourg, Septième série 15: 1–245.
  15. Bunge, A.A. (1851) Tulipa lehmanniana Merckl. ex Bunge. Mémoires présentés Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg par Divers Savans et lus dans ses assemblées 337: 513.
  16. Chaudhary, L.B. (2018) A revision of the genus Astragalus L. (Leguminosae—Papilionoideae) in India. Siya Publishing House, New Delhi 12: 1–236.
  17. Chinchilla, I.F. (2020) A new tree species of Cupania (Sapindoideae, Sapindaceae) from Quepos, Costa Rica. Phytotaxa 475 (3): 178–186.
  18. De Candolle, A.P. (1821) Chorispora tenella (Pallas) DC. Regni Vegetabilis Systema Naturale 2: 435.
  19. De Candolle, A.P. (1825) Astragalus sect. Caprini. Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis 2: 301.
  20. De Candolle, A.P. (1939) Centaurea bruguieriana subsp. belangeriana (DC.) Bornm. In: Beihefte zum Botanischen Centralblatt 60: 2143.
  21. Desfontaines, R.L. (1799) Pistacia atlantica Desf., In: Flora atlantica; sivehistoriaplatariumquaeinatlante, agro Tunetano et algeriensi crescent. Paris, L. G. Desgranges 2: 1–364.
  22. Djamali, M., Brewer, S., Breckle, S.W. & Jackson, S.T. (2012) Climatic determinism in phytogeographic regionalization: a test from the Irano-Turanian region, SW and Central Asia. Flora-Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants 207 (4): 237–249.
  23. Fedtsch, B. (1905) Aethionema carneum B.Fedtsch. Flora Zap. Tian-Shan 428: 176.
  24. Fischer, F.E.L. & Mey, C.A. (1837) Conringia planisiliqua Fisch. & Mey I. Index Seminum, quae Hortus Botanicus Imperialis Petropolitanus pro Mutua Commutatione Offert. Accedunt Animadversiones Botanicae Nonnullae. St. Petersburg 3 (32): 564.
  25. Folk, R.A., Maassoumi, A., Siniscalchi, C., Kates, H.R., Soltis, D.E., Soltis, P.S., Belitz, M.W. & Guralnick, R.P. (2023) Phylogenetic diversity and regionalization in the temperate arid zone, Spatial phylogenetics of Astragalus L. bioRxiv 1: 11.
  26. Gontscharov, N.F. (1946) Leguminosae, Astragalus. In: Komarov, V.L. (Ed.) Flora of the U.S.S.R. Vol. 12. Moskova & Leningrad, pp. 1–730.
  27. Halbritter, H., Ulrich, S., Grýmsson, F., Weber, M., Zetter, R., Hesse, M., Buchner, R., Svojtka, M. & Frosch-Radivo, A. (2018) Illustrated pollen terminology. 2nd ed. Cham (Switzerland). Springer International Publishing: Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany, 483 pp.
  29. Hooker, J.D. (1852) Onobrychis dealbata Stocks. Hooker’s Journal of Botany and Kew Garden Miscellany. London 4: 146.
  30. International Plant Names Index [IPNI] (2023) The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Botanic Gardens. Available from: (accessed 1 January 2023)
  31. IUCN (2022) Guidelines for using the IUCN Red List categories and criteria. Version 15.1. Prepared by the Standards and Petitions Committee. Available from: (accessed 10 October 2023)
  32. Jušković, M., Gocić, D.J., Nikolić, D., Zlatković, B. & Ranđelović, V. (2021) A comparative anatomical study on two closely related Astragalus L. taxa (Fabaceae) from the central part of the Balkan Peninsula. Biologica Nyssana 12 (1): 11–21.
  33. Khan, A., Ahmad, M., Zafar, M. & Shah, S.A. (2022) Systematic significance of pollen morphology in rare endemic taxa of Astragalus L. (Fabaceae). Phytotaxa, 561 (3): 267–290.
  34. Khan, A., Sultan, A., Zarre, S. & Ishaq, K. (2023b) Astragalus pseudoanisacanthus, a new species of section Poterion from northern Balochistan (Pakistan). Phytotaxa. 622 (4): 236–251.
  35. Khan, N., Sultan, A., Khan, T., Kousar, S. & Khan, A. (2023a) A new species of Astragalus (Fabaceae) from Zhob district of northern Balochistan, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 55 (6): 2341–2344.
  36. Linnaeus, C. (1753) Species plantarum. Impensis Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae: 88.
  37. Lipsky, W.H. (1907) Astragalus mirabilis Lipsky. Trudy Glavnago Botanicheskago Sada 26: 155.
  38. Lock, J.M. & Simpson, K. (1991) Legumes of West Asia, a check-list. Royal Botanic. Gardens, Kew.
  39. Maassoumi, A.A. & Khajoie, N. (2023) Centros de riqueza y endemismo del megagénero Astragalus L. Collecteana Botanica 41: 1989–1067.
  40. Maassoumi, A.A. & Ashouri, P. (2022) The hotspots and conservation gaps of the mega genus Astragalus (Fabaceae) in the Old-World. Biodiversity and Conservation 31 (8–9): 2119–2139.
  41. Maassoumi, A.A. (2003) Astragalus sect. Pendulina In: Assadi, M. & et al. (Eds.) Flora of Iran, Vol. 43. Islamic Republic of Iran, Ministry of Jahad-e Sazandegi, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Tehran, pp, 108–109.
  42. Maassoumi, A.A. (2020a) The comprehensive online resource for mega genus of Astragalus. Version 1. []
  43. Maassoumi, A.A. (2020b) A Checklist of Astragalus in the world: New Grouping, New Changes and Additional species with Augmented data. Tehran. Islamic Republic of Iran Ministry of Jihad-e Agriculture Agricultural Research and Education Organization Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, 560 pp.
  44. Murray, A.E. (1830) Thalictrum isopyroides C.A. Mey. Flora Altaica. Scripsit d. Carolus Fridericus a Ledebour. Berolini (Berlin) 2: 346.
  45. Murray, A.E. (1969) Prunus rechingeri (Browicz) A. E. Murray In: Kalmia, Botanic Journal Levittown, Philadelphia 1: 31.
  46. Öztürk, M., Güvensen, A., Sakçali, S. & Görk, G. (2008) Halophyte plant diversity in the Irano-Turanian phytogeographical region of Turkey. Biosaline agriculture and high salinity tolerance: 141–155.
  47. Perrino, E.V., Mahmoud, Z.N.A., Valerio, F., Tomaselli, V., Wagensommer, R.P. & Trani, A. (2023) Synecology of Lagoecia cuminoides L. in Italy and evaluation of functional compounds presence in its water or hydroalcoholic extracts. Scientific Reports 13: 20906.
  48. Perrino, E.V. & Signorile, G. (2009) Costa di Monopoli (Puglia): Check-list della flora vascolare. Informatore Botanico Italiano 41 (2): 263–279.
  49. Perrino, E.V., Silletti, G.N., Erben, M. & Wagensommer, R.P. (2018) Viola cassinensis subsp. lucana (Violaceae), a new subspecies from the Lucanian Apennine, southern Italy. Phyton (Horn, Austria) 58 (2): 109–115.
  51. Podlech, D. & Zarre, S. (2013) A taxonomic revision of the genus Astragalus L. (Leguminosae) in the Old World. Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien, Vienna, pp. 1–2439.
  52. Podlech, D. (1999) Astragalus sect. Pendulina; Flora Iranica. In: Rechinger, K.H. (Eds.) Papilionaceae III, Astragalus I. Vol. 174. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft Salzburg, Austria, pp. 151–154.
  53. Punt, W., Hoen, P.P., Blackmore, S., Nilsson, S. & Le Thomas, A. (2007) Glossary of pollen and spore terminology. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 143 (1–2): 1–81.
  55. Radford, A.E., Dickison, W.C., Massey, J.R. & Bell, C.R. (1974) Vascular plant systematics. New York, Harper & Row, 891 pp.
  56. Ranjbar, M. (2011) Astragalus baftensis (Fabaceae), a new species of Astragalus sect. Pendulina from Iran. The Iranian Journal of Botany 17 (1): 1–5.
  57. Regel & Schmalh (1882) Alyssum turkestanicum Regel & Schmalh. Izvestiya Imperatorskogo Obshchestva Lyubitelei Estestvoznaniya, Antropologii i Etnografii, Sostoyashchago pri (Imperatorskom) Moskovskom Universitet´. Moscow 34 (2): 6.
  58. Reise, R.R. (1773) Scorzonera pusilla Pall. Reise durch Verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. St. Petersburg 2 (2): 744.
  59. Shemetova, T., Erst, A., Wang, W., Xiang, K., Vural, C. & Aytac, Z. (2018) Seed morphology of the genus Astragalus L. from North Asia. Turkish Journal of Botany, 42 (6): 710–721.
  60. Swanepoel, W., Cauwer, V. de & Van Wyk, A.E. (2021) A new rheophytic species of Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the lower Kunene River of Angola and Namibia. Phytotaxa 491 (4): 281–290.
  61. Thiers, B. (2023) Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. Available from: (accessed 27 December 2023)
  62. Turrill, W.B. (1922) Clypeola aspera (Grauer) W.B. Journal of Botany British and Foreign 60: 1–269.
  63. Uzun, A., Aytac, Z. & Tülücü, F. (2021) Astragalus nurhakdagensis (sect. Hololeuce Bunge/Fabaceae), a new species from Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany 45 (6): 573–586.
  64. Wagensommer, R.P., Perrino, E.V. & Silletti, G.N. (2014) Carex phyllostachys C. A. Mey. (Cyperaceae) New for Italy and Phytogeographical Considerations. Phyton 54 (2): 215–222.
  65. Wagensommer, R.P. & Venanzoni, R. (2021) Geranium lucarinii sp. nov. and re-evaluation of G. kikianum (Geraniaceae). Phytotaxa 489 (3): 252–262.
  67. Wodehouse, R.P. (1935) Pollen grains; their structure, identification and significance in science and medicine. McGraw-Hill Book Company, pp. 1–574.
  68. Wojciechowski, M.F., Sanderson, M.J. & Hu, J.M. (1999) Evidence on the monophyly of Astragalus L. (Fabaceae) and its major subgroups based on nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS and chloroplast DNA trnL intron data. Systematic Botany 24 (3): 409–437.
  69. Xu, L.R. & Podlech, D. (2010) Astragalus L. In: Wu, Z.Y., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D.Y. (Eds.) Flora of China, vol. 10 (Fabaceae). Science Press, Beijing, pp. 328–453.