Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2023-12-07
Page range: 210-222
Abstract views: 115
PDF downloaded: 9

Valeriana dacica, a distinctive tetraploid in the Eastern Carpathians

Institute of Botany; Czech Academy of Sciences; CZ-252 43 Průhonice; Czech Republic
Institute of Botany; Czech Academy of Sciences; CZ-252 43 Průhonice; Czech Republic
Institute of Botany; Czech Academy of Sciences; CZ-252 43 Průhonice; Czech Republic
Valeriana dacica Valeriana tripteris Eastern Carpathians Taxonomy Plant Nomenclature Eudicots

Abstract

Floras and taxonomic papers covering the region of the Eastern Carpathians frequently include a taxon of the Valeriana tripteris and V. montana affinity, under various names, most frequently as Valeriana transsilvanica or V. tripteris subsp. heterophylla. After having collected and cultivated a new material from Slovakia and Poland, we discovered that the taxon in question is a separate species, a tetraploid (2n=32) occupying a special habitat and a wide geographical range in Poland, Slovakia, Ukraine and Romania, distinct from both V. tripteris and V. montana. An analysis of relevant (seventeen) names and their original material, where applicable, found the name Valeriana dacica Porcius as the correct specific name for this taxon. Diagnostic characters, habitat requirements and an outline of its geographic distribution are provided. Notes on all relevant names, including the misapplied ones or invalid names surviving in important databases are given. Five names are newly typified.

 

References

  1. Arcangeli, G. (1882) Compendio della flora italiana. Ermanno Loescher, Torino, 889 pp.
  2. Baltisberger, M. (1990) Numeri cromosomici per la flora Italiana: 1208–1230. Informatore Botanico Italiano 22: 216–226.
  3. Baumgarten, J.C.G. (1816) Enumeratio stirpium magno Transsilvaniae principatui praeprimis indigenarum, Vol. 1. Wien & Hermannstadt, 427 pp.
  4. Bělohlávková, R. & Fišerová, D. (1989) Festucion carpaticae alliancia nova—a new alliance of tall grasslands in the high Carpathian Mountains. Folia Geobotanica & Phytotaxonomica 24: 1–24. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02854787
  5. Błocki, B. (1892) Ein kleiner Beitrag zur Flora von Galizien. Österreichische Botanische Zeitschrift 42: 349–352. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01794920
  6. Błocki, B. (1896) Ein neuer Beitrag zur Flora Galiziens. Allgemeine Botanische Zeitschrift 2: 163–165. [https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10083988#page/177/mode/1up]
  7. Dobeš, C., Hahn, B. & Morawetz, W. (1997) Chromosomenzahlen zur Gefässpflanzen-Flora Österreichs. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 29 (1): 5–43.
  8. Dobeš, C. & Vitek, E. (2000) Documented Chromosome Number Checklist of Austrian Vascular Plants. Verlag des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien, Wien, 642 pp.
  9. Durand, T. & Dayton Jackson, B. (1906) Index kewensis plantarum phanerogamarum. Supplementum primum … MDCCCLXXXVI usque ad finem anni MDCCCXCV … Apud Alfredum Castaigne, Bruxellis, 519 pp.
  10. Engel, K. (1976) Beiträge zur Systematik der Valerianaceae unter besonderes Berücksichtigung cytosystematischer Ergebnisse. Dissertation, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Giessen, 196 pp.
  11. Grenier, J.C.M. & Godron, D.A. (1850) Flore de France, ou description des plantes qui croissent naturellement en France et en Corse, Vol. 2 (1). J. B. Bailliére, Paris, etc., 392 pp.
  12. Hadač, E. & Terray, J. (1989) Wood plant communities of the Bukovské vrchy hills, NE Slovakia. Folia Geobotanica & Phytotaxonomica 24: 337–370. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02855328
  13. Hadač, E. & Terray, J. (eds.) (1991) Kvetena Bukovských vrchov [Flora of the Bukovské vrchy Mts.]. Príroda, Bratislava, 182 pp.
  14. Hadač, E. & Váňa, J. (1967) Plant Communities of Mires in the Western Part of the Krkonoše Mountains, Czechoslovakia. Folia Geobotanica & Phytotaxonomica 2: 213–254. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02854617
  15. Höck, F. (1882) Beiträge zur Morphologie, Gruppirung und geographischen Verbreitung der Valerianaceen. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 3: 1–73.
  16. IPNI (2023) International Plant Names Index. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Herbarium. Published on the Internet: http://www.ipni.org (accessed: 18 September 2023).
  17. IUCN (2022) Guidelines for using the IUCN Red List categories and criteria. Version 15.1. Prepared by the Standards and Petitions Committee. Available from: https://www.iucnredlist.org/resources/redlistguidelines (accessed: 28 November 2023).
  18. Jávorka, S. (1925) Magyar Flóra. A “Studium” Kiadása, Budapest, 1307 pp.
  19. Katina, Z.F. (1961) Rodina Valerianovi—Valerianaceae DC. In: Kotov, M.I. (Ed.) Flora URSR, vol. 10. Vidavnictvo Akademii Nauk Ukrainskoi RSR, Kyïv, pp. 291–339.
  20. Kliment, J. & Valachovič, M. (eds.) (2007) Plant communities of Slovakia. 4. High mountain vegetation. Veda, Publishing House, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, 385 pp.
  21. Krahulcová, A. & Tomšovic, P. (1997) Ploidy levels of some European representatives of the Suaeda maritima group. Preslia 69: 327–332.
  22. Krajina, V. (1933) Die Pflanzengesellschaften des Mlynica-Tales in den Vysoké Tatry (Hohe Tatra). Beihefte zum Botanischen Centralblatt 50 (2): 774–957, 51 (2): 1–224.
  23. Linnnaeus, C. (1753) Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Tomus I. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm], 1200 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.59734
  24. Lippert, W. (2006) Chromosomenzahlen von Pflanzen aus Bayern und anderen Gebieten. Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft 76: 85–110.
  25. Lippert, W. & Heubl, G.R. (1989) Chromosomenzahlen von Pflanzen aus Bayern und angrenzenden Gebieten: Teil 2. Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft 60: 73–83.
  26. Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, J.L.A. (1806) Flora gallica. Apud auctorem, Lutetiae [Paris], 336 pp.
  27. Löve, A. & Löve, D. (1982) IOPB chromosome number reports LXXVI. Taxon 31: 583–587. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1996-8175.1982.tb03560.x
  28. Májovský, J., Murín, A., Feráková, V., Hindáková, M., Schwarzová, T., Uhríková, A., Váchová, M. & Záborský, J. (1987) Karyotaxonomický prehľad flóry Slovenska. Veda, Bratislava, 436 pp.
  29. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirek, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M. (1995) Vascular plants of Poland. A checklist. Polish Botanical Studies 1995, Guidebook Series No. 15, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, 308 pp.
  30. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M. (2002) Flowering plants and Pteridophytes of Poland. A checklist. W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, 442 pp.
  31. Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M. (2020) Vascular plants of Poland. An annotated checklist. W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, 526 pp.
  32. Morariu, I. (1961) Fam. 103. Valerianaceae Batsch. In: Săvulescu, T. (Ed.) Flora Republicii Populare Romȋne, vol. 8. Editura Academiei Republicii Populare Romȋne, Bucureṣti, pp. 615–629.
  33. Mosyakin, S.L. & Fedoronchuk, M.M. (1999) Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, Kyïv, xxiii + 345 pp.
  34. Mutel, A. (1835) Flore française … Vol. 2. F. G. Levraut, Paris & Strasbourg, 352 pp.
  35. Nikolov, N.A. (1991) Chromosome numbers of Bulgarian angiosperms from North Pirin Mountain. Fitologija 41: 70–75.
  36. Pashuk, K.T. (1987) Chromosome numbers in species of subalpine belt of Chernogora (Ukrainian Carpatians). Botanicheskiy Zhurnal 72: 1069–1074. [in Russian]
  37. Popova, M.T. & Kuzmanov, B.A. (1986) Chromosome numbers of Bulgarian flowering plants. II. Fam. Valerianaceae. Fitologija 31: 75.
  38. Porcius, F. (1885) Additamenta et corrigenda ad enumerationem plantarum phanerogamicarum districtus quondam Naszódiensis. Magyar Növentányi Lapok 9 (no. 102): 125–133. [https://documente.bcucluj.ro/web/bibdigit/periodice/magyarnovenytanilapok/1885/BCUCLUJ_FP_106512_1885_009_102.pdf]
  39. POWO (2023) Plants of the World Online. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org (accessed: 18 September 2023).
  40. Prokudin, Yu.N. (ed.) (1987) Opredelitel vysšich rastenij Ukrainy. Naukova Dumka, Kyïv, 545 pp.
  41. Raab-Straube, E. von (2023) Valerianaceae Batsch. In: Euro+Med (2006–): Euro+Med PlantBase—the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Published on the Internet: http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/ (accessed: 10 September 2023).
  42. Rostański, K. (1967) Valerianaceae. In: Pawłowski, B. (ed.) Flora Polska, vol. 11. Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa & Kraków, 371 pp. [pp. 338–357.]
  43. Rostański, K. (1970): Rozmieszenie gatunków rodzaju Valeriana L. w Polsce i na sąsiednich teritorijach ZSRR. [The distribution of the species of the genus Valeriana L. in Poland and in adjacent territories of the U.S.S.R.]. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 16 (2): 225–246.
  44. Schur, J.F. (1866) Enumeratio Plantarum Transsilvaniae. G. Braumüller, Vindobonae [Vienna], [i]–viii, 984 pp.
  45. Simkovics, L. [= Simonkai] (1878) Bánsági s Hunyadmegyei utazásom 1874—ben. Mathematikai és Természettudományi Közlemények 15: 479–624.
  46. Simonkai, L. (1887) Erdély Edényes flórájának helyesbitett foglalata. ... Enumeratio florae transsilvanicae vesculosae [sic] critica. Kiadja a kir. Magyar természettudományi társulat, Budapest, 678 pp.
  47. Soó, R. (1965) Species et combinationes novae florae Europae praecipue Hungariae III. Acta Botanica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 11: 235–251.
  48. Soó, R. (1973) Nomina a nobis “non rite” publicata. Acta Botanica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 18: 171–177.
  49. Szafer, W., Kulczyński, S. & Pawłowski, B. (1924) Rośliny Polskie. Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa, 736 pp.
  50. Thiers, B. (2023) Index Herbariorum: A Global Directory of Public Herbaria and Associated Staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium, New York. [http://sciweb.nybg.org/science2/IndexHerbariorum.asp]
  51. Tsymbalyuk, Z.M., Ivanova, D., Bell, C.D. & Nitsenko, L.M. (2022) Pollen morphology of selected taxa of Valeriana (Caprifoliaceae): taxonomic and evolutionary implications. Phytotaxa 577 (1): 57–78. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.577.1.3
  52. Turland, N.J., Wiersema, J.H., Barrie, F.R., Greuter, W., Hawksworth, D.L., Herendeen, P.S., Knapp, S., Kusber, W.-H., Li, D.-Z., Marhold, K., May, T.W., McNeill, J., Monro, A.M., Prado, J., Price, M.J. & Smith, G.F. (Eds.) (2018) International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Shenzhen Code) adopted by the Nineteenth International Botanical Congress Shenzhen, China, July 2017. [Regnum Vegetabile 159] Glashütten: Koeltz Botanical Books, 254 pp. https://doi.org/10.12705/Code.2018
  53. Vahl, M. (1805) Enumeratio plantarum, vel ab aliis, vel ab ipso observatarum, cum earum differentiis specificis, synonymis selectis et descriptionibus succinctis. Vol. 2. Typis N. Mölleri et Filii, Hauniae [København], 423 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.7564
  54. Valachovič, M. (ed.) (1995) Rastlinné spoločenstvá Slovenska. 1. Pionierska vegetácia. Veda, Publishing House, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, 185 pp.
  55. Valachovič, M., Kliment, J. & Hegedüšová Vantarová, K. (eds.) (2021) Plant communities of Slovakia. 6. Forest and shrub vegetation. Veda, Publishing House, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, 768 pp.
  56. Wagensommer, R.P., Perrino, E.V., Albano, A., Medagli, P. & Passalacqua, N.G. (2016) Lectotypification of four Lacaita’s names in the genus Centaurea (Asteraceae). Phytotaxa 269 (1): 54–58. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.269.1.7
  57. Walther, E. (1949) Valeriana-Studien I. Valeriana montana L. und Valeriana tripteris L. Mitteilungen der Thüringischen Botanischen Gesellschaft 1 (1): 144–167.
  58. Zhang, Z., Idrees, M., Wang, F., Zhang, N., Chen, W., Ahmad, M., Sultana, S., Jiao, Y., Zheng, X., Li, M., Prodhan, Z.H. & Arfan, M. (2023) Typification and Nomenclature Notes on Twenty-Nine Names in Asparagus (Asparagaceae). Plants 12: 2537. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants12132537