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Type: Article
Published: 2023-06-26
Page range: 153-168
Abstract views: 1481
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Tallapoosa Cane (Arundinaria alabamensis), a new species of temperate bamboo (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) from East Central Alabama

Department of Biology, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, Alabama, 36265, U.S.A.
plant diversity Southeastern United States molecular phylogeny hybridization Monocots

Abstract

Arundinaria alabamensis (Tallapoosa Cane) is described as a new species of North American temperate woody bamboo. Recognition of this species is consistent with molecular genetic data that suggests an origin through hybridization and subsequent diversification, as it bears a unique chloroplast DNA haplotype most similar to A. gigantea (River Cane), nuclear DNA haplotypes that cluster with A. appalachiana (Hill Cane) and A. tecta (Switch Cane), and a distinct AFLP fingerprint. Tallapoosa Cane can be distinguished from the other North American Arundinaria by a combination of vegetative characters including larger leaf size, foliage sheath pubescence, and a distinctive branch complement. This Alabama endemic is currently known from eight populations across four counties: Cleburne (3), Lee (3), Macon (1), and Randolph (1). The new species is described and compared with the related species of Arundinaria, and an identification key is included along with a comparative table based on morphological characters.

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