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Published: 2022-05-26
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Systematic placement of Elsholtzia griffithii (Nepetoideae, Lamiaceae), a new record from China

CAS Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, China; School of Life Science, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, Yunnan, China
School of Ecology and Environment, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010000, Inner Mongolia, China
Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
Department of Biology, Sungshin University, Seoul 136-742, Republic of Korea
Lincang Forestry and Grassland Bureau, Lincang 677099, Yunnan, China
Biological Institute, Fundamental Education and Research Center of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Showa Pharmaceutical University, 3-chome, Higashi-Tamagawagakuen, Machida City, Tokyo 194-8543, Japan
School of Ecology and Environmental Science, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, Yunnan, China
CAS Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, China
Elsholtzieae Lamiaceae Nepetoideae Molecular phylogeny Eudicots


Elsholtzia griffithii, the first record in Guangxi Province, China, is described and illustrated in detail. We provided the most updated phylogeny of Elsholtzia based on two nuclear ribosomal DNA regions (ITS, ETS) to resolve the phylogenetic placement of this species. Our study reveals that E. griffithii is most closely related to E. cyprianii but differs from it by having linear bracts ≥ 4 mm and distinctively longer than flowers (vs. bracts ≤ 3 mm in E. cyprianii) and calyx teeth unequal, two anterior lobes shorter than three posterior lobes (vs. five lobes equal in length). In addition, monophyly of Elsholtzia was strongly supported and three clades were recognized, whereas all sections and series were not recovered as monophyletic, indicating that reclassification is needed at higher taxonomic levels.


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