Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2020-11-17
Page range: 258–266
Abstract views: 34
PDF downloaded: 1

One new Gomphonema Ehrenberg (Bacillariophyta) from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China

College of Life Science and Technology, Harbin Normal University, Harbin, 150025, China
College of Life Science and Technology, Harbin Normal University, Harbin, 150025, China
К.А. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology RAS, IPP RAS, 35 Botanicheskaya St., Moscow, 127276 Russia
Museum of Natural History and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, U. S. A.
College of Life Science and Technology, Harbin Normal University, Harbin, 150025, China
College of Life Science and Technology, Harbin Normal University, Harbin, 150025, China
Algae new species Gomphonema Guangxi China morphology


A new Gomphonema species is described from the Shiwan Mts. in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Southwest China. This new species differs from other known members of the genus Gomphonema by its linear-lanceolate shape, wide axial area, slit-like areolae openings, one short spine at the headpole externally, and large pseudoseptum at each end internally. Morphological features of the new species are detailed with light and scanning electron microscopy. Comparisons with other similar species are made. This species appears to be closely related to other species of this genus possessing wide axial areas.


<p class="Reference">Almeida, S.F.P., Craveiro, S.C. &amp; Calado, A.J. (2009) On the identity and distribution in northern Portugal of three <em>Gomphonema</em> species currently misidentified as <em>Gomphonema clevei</em>. <em>Diatom Research</em> 25: 13–27.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Bory de Saint-Vincent, J.B.M. (1822–1831) Dictionnaire Classique d’Histoire Naturelle. <em>Paris. Rey &amp; Gravier, libraires-éditeurs; Baudouin Frères, libraires-éditeurs</em> vol: 1–17.</p><p class="Reference">Cholnoky, B.J. (1953) Diatomeenassoziationen aus dem Hennops-rivier bei Pretoria. <em>Verhandlugen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien</em> 93: 134–148.</p><p class="Reference">Cleve, P.T. (1894) Synopsis of the Naviculoid Diatoms, Part I. <em>Kongliga Svenska-Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar</em> 26 (2): 1–194.</p><p class="Reference">Ehrenberg, C.G. (1832) Über die Entwicklung und Lebensdauer der Infusionsthiere; nebst ferneren Beiträgen zu einer Vergleichung ihrer organischen Systeme. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin </em>1831: 1–154.</p><p class="Reference">Fore, L.S. &amp; Grafe, C. (2002) Using diatoms to assess the biological condition of large rivers in Idaho (U.S.A.). <em>Freshwater Biology </em>47 (10): 2015–2037.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Frenguelli, J. (1941) Diatomeas del Río de la Plata.<em> Revista del Museo de la Plata, Nueva Serie, Sección Botánica</em> 3: 213–334.</p><p class="Reference">Fricke, F. (1902) <em>Atlas der Diatomaceen-kunde.</em> Leipzig. O.R. Reisland Series V (Heft 59–60), pls. 233–240.</p><p class="Reference">Fricke, F. (1904) <em>Atlas der Diatomaceen-kunde</em>. Leipzig. O.R. Reisland Series VI (Heft 62–63), pls. 245–252.</p><p class="Reference">Ge, L., Liu, Y., Kociolek, J.P. &amp; Fan, Y.W. (2015) A new species of <em>Gomphonema</em> (Bacillariophyta) from Xingkai Lake, China. <em>Phytotaxa</em> 175 (5): 249–255.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Glushchenko, A.M., Kulikovskiy, M.S. &amp; Kociolek, J.P. (2017) New diatom species from <em>Gomphonema subtile</em>-group in Southeast Asia. <em>Phytotaxa</em> 329 (3): 223–232.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Guiry, M.D. &amp; Guiry, G.M. (2018) <em>Algaebase</em>. National University of Ireland, Galway. Available from: <a href=""></a> (accessed 21 May 2018)</p><p class="Reference">Hustedt, F. (1938) Systematische und ökologische Untersuchungen über die Diatomeenflora von Java, Bali und Sumatra nach dem Material der Deutschen Limnologischen Sunda-Expedition. <em>Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Supplement</em> 15: 131–177, 187–295, 393–506, 638–790.</p><p class="Reference">Hustedt, F. (1965) Neue und wenig bekannte diatomeen. IX. Süßwasserdiatomeen aus Brasilien, insbesondere des Amazonasgebietes. <em>Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie</em> 50 (3): 391–410.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Jiang, Z., Liu, Y., Kociolek, J.P. &amp; Fan, Y. (2018) One new <em>Gomphonema </em>(Bacillariophyta) species from Yunnan Province, China. <em>Phytotaxa </em>349 (3): 257–264.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Jüttner, I., Kociolek, J.P., Gurung, S., Gurung, A., Sharma, C.M., Levkov, Z., Williams, D.M. &amp; Ector, L. (2018) The genus <em>Gomphonema </em>(Bacillariophyta) in Rara Lake, Nepal: taxonomy, morphology, habitat distribution and description of five new species, and a new record for <em>Gomphoneis qii</em>. <em>Diatom Research</em> 33 (3): 283–320.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Jüttner, I., Reichardt, E. &amp; Cox, E.J. (2004) Taxonomy and ecology of some new <em>Gomphonema </em>species common in Himalayan streams. <em>Diatom Research </em>19 (2): 235–264.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Karthick, B. &amp; Kociolek, J.P. (2012) Reconsideration of the <em>Gomphonema </em>(Bacillariophyceae) species from Kolhapur, Northern Western Ghats, India: Taxonomy, typification and biogeography of the species reported by H.P. Gandhi. <em>Phycological Research</em> 60: 179–198.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Karthick, B., Kociolek, J.P., Mahesh, M.K. &amp; Ramachandra, T.V. (2011) The diatom genus <em>Gomphonema </em>Ehrenberg in India: Checklist and description of three new species. <em>Nova Hedwigia</em> 93 (1–2): 211–236.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Karthick, B., Kociolek, J.P., Taylor, J.C. &amp; Cocquyt, C. (2016) <em>Gomphonema grande</em> sp. nov., a new diatom (Bacillariophyta) from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tropical Africa. <em>Phytotaxa</em> 245 (3): 187–196.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Karthick, B., Nautiyal, R., Kociolek, J.P. &amp; Ramachandra, T.V. (2015) Two new species of <em>Gomphonema </em>(Bacillariophyceae) from Doon Valley, Uttarakhand, India. <em>Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft</em> 144: 165–174.</p><p class="Reference">Kociolek, J.P. &amp; Rosen, B.H. (1984) Observations on North American <em>Gomphoneis</em> (Bacillariophyceae). I. Valve ultrastructure of <em>G. mammilla</em> with comment on the taxonomic status of the genus. <em>Journal of Phycology</em> 20: 361–368.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Kociolek, J.P. &amp; Stoermer, E.F. (1991) New and interesting Gomphonema (Bacillariophyceae) species from East Africa. <em>Proceeding of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadephia</em> 47: 275–288.</p><p class="Reference">Kociolek, J.P. &amp; Stoermer, E.F. (1988) Taxonomy, ultrastructure, and distribution of <em>Gomphoneis herculeana</em>,<em> G. eriense</em> and closely related species. <em>Proceeding of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadephia</em> 140: 24–97.</p><p class="Reference">Kociolek, J.P. &amp; Stoermer, E.F. (1993) Freshwater gomphonemoid diatom phylogeny: preliminary results. <em>Hydrobiologia</em> 269/270: 31–38.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Kociolek, J.P., Balasubramanian, K., Blanco, S., Coste, M., Ector, L., Liu, Y., Kulikovskiy, M., Lundholm, N., Ludwig, T., Potapova, M., Rimet, F., Sabbe, K., Sala, S., Sar, E., Taylor, J., Van de Vijver, B., Wetzel, C.E., Williams, D.M., Witkowski, A. &amp; Witkowski, J. (2020) DiatomBase. Available from: <a href=""></a> (accessed 15 June 2019)</p><p class="Reference">Kociolek, J.P., Glushchenko, A. &amp; Kulikovskiy, M. (2015a) Typification, valve ultrastructure, and systematic position of <em>Gomphonema gomphopleuroides </em>Amossé ex Kociolek, Glushchenko and Kulikovskiy, an endemic diatom from Southeast Asia. <em>Diatom Research</em> 30: 247–255.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Kociolek, J.P., Woodward, J. &amp; Graeff, C. (2016) New and endemic <em>Gomphonema</em> C.G. Ehrenberg (Bacillariophyceae) species from Hawaii.<em> Nova Hedwigia</em> 102: 141‒171.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Kociolek, J.P., You, Q.M., Wang, Q.X. &amp; Liu, Q. (2015b) A consideration of some interesting freshwater gomphonemoid diatoms from North America and China, and the description of <em>Gomphosinica </em>gen. nov. <em>Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft</em> 144: 175–198.</p><p class="Reference">Krammer, K. (1999) Validierung von <em>Cymbopleura</em> nov. gen. <em>In</em>: Lange-Bertalot, H. (Ed.) <em>Iconographia Diatomologica.</em> Vol. 6. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany, 292 pp.</p><p class="Reference">Kulikovskiy, M. &amp; Kociolek, J.P. (2014) The diatom genus <em>Gomphonema </em>Ehrenberg in Lake Baikal. I. Morphology and taxonomic history of two endemic species. <em>Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft</em> 143: 507–518.</p><p class="Reference">Kulikovskiy, M., Kapustin, D., Glushchenko, A., Sidelev, S., Maltsev, Y., Gusev, E., Kezlya, E., Shkurina, N., Kuznetsova, I. &amp; Kociolek, P. (2019) Morphological and molecular investigation of <em>Gomphonema longissimum </em>and related taxa from Malili lakes (Indonesia) with comments on diatom evolution in ancient lakes. <em>European Journal of Phycology</em> 2: 147–161.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Kulikovskiy, M., Kociolek, J.P., Solak, C.N. &amp; Kuznetsova, I. (2015) The diatoms genus <em>Gomphonema </em>Ehrenberg in Lake Baikal. II. Revision of taxa from <em>Gomphonema acuminatum</em> and <em>Gomphonema truncatum-capitatum</em> complexes. <em>Phytotaxa</em> 233 (3): 251–272.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Kützing, F.T. (1833) Synopsis Diatomacearum oder Versuch einer systematischen Zusammens-tellung der Diatomeen.<em> Linnaea</em> 8 (5): 529–620.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Kützing, F.T. (1836) Algarum Aquae Dulcis Germanicarum. Decas XVI. <em>Collegit Fridericus Traugott Kutzing, Soc. Bot. Ratisbon. Sodalis. Halis Saxonum in Commissis C.A. Schwetschkii et Fil.</em> 16: 1–4.</p><p class="Reference">Kützing, F.T. (1844) <em>Die kieselschaligen. Bacillarien oder Diatomeen. </em>W.Köhne, Nordhausen, 152 pp.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Levkov, Z., Mitic-Kopanja, D. &amp; Reichardt, E. (2016) The diatom genus <em>Gomphonema</em> from the Republic of Macedonia. <em>Diatoms of Europe</em> 8: 1–552.</p><p class="Reference">Li, Y.L., Kociolek, J.P. &amp; Metzeltin, D. (2010) <em>Gomphonema sichuanensis</em> Li &amp; Kociolek sp. nov. and <em>Gomphonema heilongtanensis</em> Li, Kociolek et Metzeltin sp. nov. from two high mountain Lakes, China. <em>Diatom Research</em> 25 (1): 87–98.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Liao, M.N. &amp; Li, Y.L. (2018) One new <em>Gomphonema </em>Ehrenberg (Bacillariophyta) species from a high mountain lake in Yunnan Province, China. <em>Phytotaxa</em> 361 (1): 123–130.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Liu, Y., Kociolek, J.P., Glushchenko, A., Kulikovskiy, M. &amp; Fan, Y.W. (2018) A new genus of Eunotiales (Bacillariophyta, Bacillariophyceae: Peroniaceae),<em> Sinoperonia</em>, from Southeast Asia, exhibiting remarkable phenotypic plasticity with regard to the raphe system. <em>Phycologia</em> 57 (2): 147–158.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Liu, Y., Kociolek, J.P., Liu, Q., Tan, X. &amp; Fan, Y.W. (2020a) A New Aerophilic <em>Neidium</em> Pfister (Neidiaceae, Bacillariophyta) species from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. <em>Phytotaxa</em> 432 (2): 171–180.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Liu, Y., Kociolek, J.P., Lu, X.-X. &amp; Fan, Y.W. (2020b) Valve ultrastructure of two species of the diatom genus <em>Gompohonema</em> Ehrenberg (Bacillariophyta) from Yunnan Province, China. <em>Fottea, Olomouc</em> 20 (1): 25–35.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Lowe, R.L. &amp; Kociolek, J.P. (1984) New and rare diatoms from Great Smoky Mountains National Park. <em>Nova Hedwigia</em> 39: 465–476</p><p class="Reference">Medlin, L.K. &amp; Kaczmarska, I. (2004) Evolution of the diatoms: V.Morphological and cytological support for the major clades and a taxonomic revision. <em>Phycologia </em>43: 245–270.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Metzeltin, D. &amp; Lange-Bertalot, H. (1998) Tropical diatoms of South America I. <em>Iconographia Diatomologica</em> 5: 1–695.</p><p class="Reference">Müller, O. (1905) Bacillariaceen aus dem Nyassaland und einigen benachbarten Gebieten. III Folge, Naviculoideae-Naviculeae-Gomphoneminae-Gomphocymbellinae-Cymbellinae. Nitzschioideae-Nitzschieae. <em>(Engler’s) Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte, und Pflanzengeographie. Leipzig</em> 36 (1/2):137–206.</p><p class="Reference">Østrup, E. (1902) Freshwater Diatoms In: Flora of Koh Chang. Part VII. Contributions to the knowledge of the gulf of Siam.John Schmidt (ed.). Preliminary Rept. Bot., Results Dan. Exped. to Siam (1899–1900)]. <em>Botanisk Tidsskrift</em> 25 (1): 28–41.</p><p class="Reference">Patrick, R.M. &amp; Reimer, C.W. (1975) <em>The Diatoms of the United States, exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii</em>, V. 2. <em>Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia</em> 13. Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, U.S.A., 213 pp.</p><p class="Reference">Potapova, M. &amp; Charles, D.F. (2003) Distribution of benthic diatoms in U.S. rivers in relation to conductivity and ionic composition. <em>Freshwater Biology </em>48 (8): 1311–1328.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Rabenhorst, L. (1853) <em>Die Süsswasser-Diatomaceen (Bacillarien) für Freunde der Mikroskopie</em>. Eduard Kummer, Leipzig, 72 pp.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Reichardt, E. (2005) Die Identität von <em>Gomphonema entolejum</em> Østrup (Bacillariophyceae) sowie. Revisionähnlicher Arten mit weiter Axialarea.<em> Nova Hedwigia</em> 81: 115–144.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Reichardt, E. (2015) Taxonomy and distribution of <em>Gomphonema subtile</em> Ehrenberg (Bacillariophyceae) and six related taxa. <em>Fottea</em> 15: 27–38.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Round, F.E., Crawford, R.M. &amp; Mann, D.G. (1990) <em>The Diatoms. Biology &amp; Morphology of the genera</em>. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 747 pp.</p><p class="Reference">Skuja, H. (1937) <em>Algae</em>. <em>Symbolae Sinicae: botanische Ergebnisse der Expedition der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wein nach Sudwest-China</em>, 1914–1918. Wien, 105 pp.</p><p class="Reference">Skvortzow, B.W. (1937) Bottom diatoms from Olhon Gate of Baikal Lake, Siberia. <em>Philippine Journal of Science</em> 62: 293–377.</p><p class="Reference">Stancheva, R., Sheath, R.G. &amp; Kociolek, J.P. (2016) New freshwater Gomphonemoid diatoms from streams in the Sierra Nevad Mountains, California, USA. <em>Phytotaxa</em> 289 (2): 118–134.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Van Dam, H., Mertens, A. &amp; Sinkeldam, J. (1994) A coded checklist and ecological indicator values of freshwater diatoms from the Netherlands. <em>Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology </em>28 (1): 117–133.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">You, Q., Wang, Q. &amp; Kociolek, J.P. (2015) New <em>Gomphonema </em>Ehrenberg (Bacillariophyceae: Gomphonemataceae) species from Xinjiang Province, China. <em>Diatom Research </em>30 (1): 1–12.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Zhang, W., Shang, G.X., Kociolek, J.P., Wang, L.Q. &amp; Tan, H.X. (2018) <em>Gomphonema bicepiformis </em>sp. nov., a new diatom species (Bacillariophyta) from a stream in Zhejiang, China. <em>Phytotaxa</em> 375 (4): 274–282.</p><p class="Reference">         <a href=""></a></p><p class="Reference">Zhang, W., Xu, X.Y., Kociolek, J.P. &amp; Wang, L.Q. (2016) <em>Gomphonema shanghaiensis</em> sp. nov., a new diatom species (Bacillariophyta) from a river in Shanghai, China. <em>Phytotaxa</em> 278 (1): 29–38.</p><p>                <a href=""></a></p>