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Type: Article
Published: 2019-05-10
Page range: 99–110
Abstract views: 20
PDF downloaded: 1

Two new species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae, Myrteae) with fused calyx from the Atlantic coastal forest, Brazil

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Vegetal, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Rua Monteiro Lobato, 255, 13083-862, Campinas, SP, Brazil
Pós-doutorando, Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, 05508-900, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Departamento de Ciências Naturais, Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei, Praça Dom Helvécio, 74, 36301-160, São João del-Rei, MG, Brazil
Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”, Universidade de São Paulo, Caixa Postal 9, 13418-900, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
Departamento de Ciências Ambientais, Universidade Federal de São Carlos - campus Sorocaba, Rod. João Leme dos Santos, km 110, 18052-780, Sorocaba, SP, Brazil
Eudicots Bahia Espírito Santo restinga taxonomy Tabuleiro forest


Two species of Eugenia from the Brazilian Atlantic coastal forest of Bahia and Espírito Santo are here described. Eugenia atlantica is most similar to E. bahiensis from which differs by its leaf blades usually larger, 80–180 × 35–70 mm, and chartaceous, inflorescence mostly axillary, flower buds with hypanthium costate to slightly costate and calyx lobes completely fused or partially fused along two thirds of the bud length. Eugenia soteriana is related with E. zuccarinii but differs mostly by the leaves with two marginal veins, inflorescence fasciculate more often recovering the vegetative growth by an auxotelic axis, bracteoles larger, 2–6 mm long, deciduous after anthesis, and flowers with larger outermost calyx lobes, 1.5–3 mm long. Descriptions, species distribution, habitat, phenology, vernacular names, illustrations, comparisons to other morphologically similar species, and conservation assessments are also provided.