Campylocentrum comprises about 70 species, half of which are cited from Brazil. In recent studies for the taxonomical review of the genus, three new species belonging to C. sect. Campylocentrum were found and are here described. Two of these species are from the Atlantic Forest, C. itatiaiae and C. schlechterianum, and one from Cerrado vegetation, C. carvalhoi. We provide illustrations, distribution map and a discussion about their affinities with allied species.